Concerted efforts to protect wildlife in China and Russia

A snow leopard is spotted at the Sanjiangyuan National Park in Qinghai. /CFP

A snow leopard is spotted at the Sanjiangyuan National Park in Qinghai. /CFP

China has established a network of nature reserves, national parks, and other protected areas to preserve its diverse ecosystems, with Sanjiangyuan National Park being one of the most representative.

Black-necked cranes are seen at the Sanjiangyuan National Park in Qinghai. /CFP

Black-necked cranes are seen at the Sanjiangyuan National Park in Qinghai. /CFP

Established in 2021, Sanjiangyuan National Park covers 190,700 square kilometers (73,630 square miles) and is the largest national park in China. Located in northwest China’s Qinghai Province, it is home to the headwaters of the Yangtze, Yellow and Lancang rivers. Known as “China’s water tower,” it is an important source of fresh water for the country.

A bharal mother and her kid are seen at the Sanjiangyuan National Park in Qinghai. /CFP

A bharal mother and her kid are seen at the Sanjiangyuan National Park in Qinghai. /CFP

With an average elevation of around 4,500 meters, this pristine park has abundant resources of wetlands and forests and provides an ideal habitat for wildlife. Some 310 species of wild vertebrates are found in the park, including the rare snow leopard, Tibetan antelope and black-necked crane.

A Siberian tiger is spotted at the Land of the Leopard National Park in Russia. /IC

A Siberian tiger is spotted at the Land of the Leopard National Park in Russia. /IC

Bordering China, the Land of the Leopard National Park in Russia was established in 2012 to protect the Amur leopard, then the world’s rarest big cat with an estimated population of 30 individuals. Five years later, the number of Amur leopards has increased to about 100.

A pheasant is seen at the Leopard National Park in Russia. /IC

A pheasant is seen at the Leopard National Park in Russia. /IC

The park is also home to dozens of other mammal species, including the Siberian tiger and the Eurasian lynx, as well as 184 recorded bird species.

A roe deer is seen at the Leopard National Park in Russia. /IC

A roe deer is seen at the Leopard National Park in Russia. /IC

The Land of the Leopard National Park also works closely with the Northeast China Tiger and Leopard National Park to protect Siberian tigers and Amur leopards.